The University of Otago Business Administration

The University of Otago Business Administration

       The University of Otago DBA program is the highest degree doctoral program offered by the University of Otago to China. Compared with the traditional Ph.D., the Doctor of Business Administration program pays more attention to the combination of theoretical research and the management practice in the work of the students so that the management knowledge of the students in their...
Stimulus, reflex, learning cycle

Notice the crucial question here

Let's play a fun game: The researchers placed two bags full of red and yellow balls in front of the participants. In the first pocket, 75 percent of the balls are yellow, and 25 percent are red. Number two, on the other hand, is 75% red and 25% yellow. You pick a bag at random and take the balls out one by one, without looking into the bag. Each time you pull out a ball, you report to the...
Stimulus, reflex, learning cycle

They can also learn from experience

In the case of the sea hare, it requires a gene in its DNA that tells it where to grow a sensory nerve cell, which senses the impact of the water, where to grow a motor nerve cell, which controls the contraction of its gills, and how to get the two nerve cells to find each other and make a connection. Thus, the innate stimulus reflex patterns that genetic material can encode must be limited and...
Stimulus, reflex, learning cycle

The predictive power of Bayesian computing

Let me draw the calculation: The calculation for the first ball is easy, even if you don't have to call it Bayes to understand it, there are 1/4 of the red balls in the first pocket, and 3/4 of the red balls in the second pocket.It's not that simple. Why write a formula? Because sometimes you have to use a formula, especially if the total number of balls in the two pockets is different.So, I'm...
Stimulus, reflex, learning cycle

The Bayesian approach concludes

The bayesian Method begins with a strange introduction to "Bayesian thinking" : Unlike more traditional statistical inference, Bayesian inference preserves uncertainty. In the Bayesian world view, probability is interpreted as the degree to which we believe something will happen. In other words, it shows our confidence that it will happen. Why is there a little "idealism" of subjectivity and...
Stimulus, reflex, learning cycle

When the water fluctuates dramatically

First, there's a sensory nerve cell attached to a sea hare's water pipe. If there's a big bang from the sea, the nerve cell senses it and converts the environmental stimulus into a bioelectrical signal. The second is a motor nerve cell attached to the gills that controls the contraction of the muscles around the gills. There is a direct connection between this sensory nerve cell and the motor...
Stimulus, reflex, learning cycle

This is a simple stimulus-reflection

Why should we study?See this question, you may be confused, of course we have to learn!Learning enables us to master skills, how to survive, how to avoid danger, how to read and write, how to get a promotion or a raise. But you know what?In many cases, life takes place without learning -- even if the more important, basic, and vital life activities are, the less learning is required. The...
Stimulus, reflex, learning cycle

There are also many places in our bodies

The logic behind this simple action actually goes like this: If -- If the light bulb is off now; Then -- Just press the button to turn it on; Else -- If this is not the case, that is, if the light bulb is always on, then nothing needs to be done. This is a very simple stimulus-reflection model. We can see that in order to interact with the outside world, this stimulus-reflection model must have...
Stimulus, reflex, learning cycle

If there’s a big bang from the sea

In the examples we've just mentioned, looking for food, looking for a mate, pupil constriction, and preventing falls are behaviors that are very closely related to survival and reproduction. By adapting this response, an organism can ensure that, for most of its life, it will be able to cope with the dangers and temptations that are common in the environment, find a mate and carry on the family...