He used to be a member of the royal family with gold spoon, after the destruction of the country suffered, had a mental disorder.
After remedying the pain, he chose to place his soul of loneliness and resentment in art.His landscape paintings are concise, quiet and sparse;
The insects, fish and birds often have a pair of wild eyes, unique personality.
He was Zhu Da, one of the eight mountain men of the four great monk painters of the late Ming and early Qing dynasties.
Complacent, how life is impermanent
Nanchang, Jiangxi, since ancient times has been a place of natural treasures and outstanding people.
In 1368, after the unification of China by Zhu Yuanzhang, the first emperor of the Ming Dynasty, his sons were conferred as Kings all over the country. Among them, zhu Quan, the 17th son, was conferred as King of Ning and lived in Jiangxi province.
In 1626, the ninth grandson of Zhu Quan was born in Nanchang, Jiangxi with quack. His father, Zhu Mu, presented his son’s larger ears, so he named him kouzi.
At this time, the Ming Dynasty was already beset with internal and external troubles.
The eunuch Wei Zhongxian held sole power and political corruption;Later jin Nuzhen frequent harassment, crisis everywhere;Disasters spread all over the place, people were living in poverty, and peasants revolted constantly.
Growing up in the imperial family, Zhu was influenced by the art of his parents since childhood.
Both my grandfather and my father were masters of poetry and painting, and the palace had a large collection of famous ink paintings.Zhu da’s hearing and hearing were so important that he could compose poems at the age of eight and make green mountains and clear waters at the age of eleven, especially good at seal cutting.
Due to the abolition of his vassal state and title, Zhu Da tried his best to achieve his official career by passing the imperial examinations.
When he was a teenager, he had already successfully passed the examination for scholar, and the picture of his life unfolded before him: to continue to participate in the imperial examinations, and then to embark on the official career.
However, a grain of ashes of The Times, falling on everyone’s head is a mountain.
In 1644, Li Zicheng led a peasant uprising to defeat Beijing. Emperor Chongzhen, seeing that the situation was over, hanged himself in a coal mountain, thus ending the Ming Dynasty, which lasted 276 years.
In the second year after the fall of the Ming Dynasty, Zhu Kouji, Zhu da’s father, also died of illness.
For zhu, only 19 years old, the brutal reality of the change of government and the destruction of his family was tantamount to a mental trauma.
Like a bright future into a void do not say, as the Ming dynasty descendants, the pain of the fall of the country is completely no less than gouge out the heart to dig flesh.
But he had not time to digest the pain in his heart, and a bigger ordeal was looming.As the grandchildren of the last Kings, they were in danger of being beheaded at any time.
In order to avoid the disaster, he left his hometown and fled with his family in a hurry.Unfortunately, both his wife and children died on the way.
The experience of the escape was a huge blow to Zhu’s mind. Years later, he recalled, he said, “You were a hopeless dog.”