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A successful mentor-mentee relationship is the result of planning, dedication, and perseverance. When new teachers are paired with experienced mentors, they have many opportunities for interaction and growth, and new teachers maximize their learning when the teacher-mentor provides the best combination of support and cognitive challenges for new educators.
Finding the “right” balance between mentoring and challenge will ensure a productive relationship that guides new teachers to professional growth.
But first, to clear up any misconceptions, here are three examples of an ineffective combination of support and challenge.
Ineffective mentoring relationships
Specialized training helps mentors learn how to balance student support and cognitive challenges, as the ratio needs to be just right for maximum growth for new teachers.
If the mentor gives the new teacher little support or challenge, the result will be stagnation: the status quo.
When mentors offer little help but involve a lot of challenges, newbies tend to hold back academically and emotionally because they are faced with professional issues that are beyond their current understanding and ability.
If the mentor provides extensive support to the mentee but does not challenge the novice, the new professional will be confident that their existing knowledge and abilities are adequate because the mentor never questions their decisions or results.
Therefore, less support and challenge, less support and high challenge, high support and low challenge are ineffective combination of apprentice growth. Here’s how to build a productive mentor-mentee relationship.
Effective mentoring relationships
The best balance between mentor and apprentice is high combat and high support. This right mix fosters growth through mentor-led questioning and reflection, while developing new understandings, all under the consistent guidance of the mentor.
High challenge: When teacher-mentors introduce cognitive and academic challenges, they ask open-ended questions that focus on a specific area. A good instructor I know guides the course design process with questions like, “How does the math class you’re teaching today compare to the class you’re going to teach?” Non-judgmental questioning allows beginners to think deeply about the planning and teaching process and the outcome of the lesson. Participants guide their reflection by answering questions and having a dialogue with the instructor.
The mentor’s high-level challenge involves meta-reflection, encouraging participants to consider how the curriculum is planned, assembled and implemented, as well as what the expected and achieved results are. Through easy interaction with mentors, new professionals will gain insight into best planning practices and implementation, which is the goal rather than a single, binary response.
Most trainees are fresh out of college or career-changing teaching programs, so they start with the basics of theoretical and academic knowledge. New teachers learn how to put theory into practice in their first year of classes. Sometimes, novices have difficulty making the transition from pre-professional to in-service professional, and they may have self-doubt and often ask questions.