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Technical education can support vocational education

Recently, Zhejiang Provincial People’s government issued a document agreeing to add 6 technician colleges and prepare to build 2 technician colleges. In addition, the 14th five year plan for the development of human resources and security undertakings of the province disclosed that “during the 14th Five Year Plan period, the province will build 40 technical colleges and universities, and strive to achieve full coverage of counties (cities) in the province”.

In recent years, the “shortage of skilled workers” in coastal areas has intensified. According to the latest statistics, the gap of skilled workers in the Pearl River Delta will be as high as 5.7 million in the next three years. In contrast, millions of college graduates (including higher vocational colleges) can’t find a job every year. On the one hand, there are enterprises that are thirsty for talents, and on the other hand, there are college students who have no way to find a job. Such dislocation seems to have no solution, but there is a solution – vigorously develop technical colleges and universities and cultivate technical talents. This is also the original intention of the local government to set up technical colleges.

For the “shortage of technicians”, it was suggested that simple training could be provided to college students who could not find a job. Regardless of whether those college students are willing or not, even if they are willing, they have missed the best time to learn technology. Technicians have their own growth law. They need not only special training, but also certain talents. Not everyone can be competent.

Some people believe that the future is the era of artificial intelligence. Machines will replace artificial and do not need so many technicians. Is that true? From the documentary “American factory”, we can see one or two: an important reason for the decline of American manufacturing industry is the “dating” of industrial workers. Without a large number of young technicians, the manufacturing return project advocated by the U.S. government has almost failed. The experience of American manufacturing industry enlightens us to speed up the training of technicians, otherwise the decline of manufacturing industry is inevitable.

At present, there are two main development paths of Vocational Colleges in China: one is academic vocational education oriented by entering a higher school, and the other is employment oriented skill vocational education. In recent years, the living environment of technical colleges and universities has become more and more difficult, but some colleges and universities can give full play to their own advantages and create high social value with a small volume.

First, lead the skill competition. Take the world skills competition as an example. Since 2011, China has participated in five world skills competitions, and a total of 162 players have won medals, of which 101 are from technical colleges, accounting for 62.3% of the winners.

Second, the extremely high local employment rate. Take Zhejiang Sanmen Technician College as an example. In the past two years, 64 graduates of the University have obtained technician certificates, the passing rate of senior workers is 98%, and 79.8% of the graduates stay in three local jobs.

Third, transport a large number of technicians for enterprises. According to statistics, the National Technical Colleges and universities send about 1 million middle and senior technical workers to enterprises every year, making outstanding contributions to solving the problem of “shortage of technicians”.