At least 12 kinds of food in the school cafeteria every day

Three questions about aesthetic education in middle school entrance examination

This is the scene of the “2021 National Music Education Conference” held in Tianjin recently. The national music education event attracted nearly 160 music education experts and more than 1000 front-line music educators in China. In the 100 seminars on music education that lasted for three days, there was always a hot topic at present – the entrance of aesthetic education into the high school entrance examination.

Many art educators applauded it and thought that “this policy is not too early, but too late!” At the same time, we are most concerned about how to make this examination “baton” really play an effective role and give consideration to fairness in the process of promoting aesthetic education. So the core question is, how should the evaluation criteria be determined?

In an interview with the reporter of China Youth Daily · China Youth Network, many music education experts said that we should make good use of the “double-edged sword” of examination, which can not turn music and art into another thick review question and increase the burden on students; At the same time, we should be more vigilant against the great differences in educational resources in different regions, which may lead to new educational unfairness.

Q: what is the exam?

The voice of “aesthetic education entering the high school entrance examination” has been around for a long time. What really makes the boots come to the ground is the opinions on Comprehensively Strengthening and improving school aesthetic education in the new era (hereinafter referred to as the opinions) jointly issued by the general office of the CPC Central Committee and the general office of the State Council on October 15, 2020. This indicates that the state attaches unprecedented importance to school aesthetic education. People believe that the intention of the policy is very clear – forcing schools, parents and students to pay attention to aesthetic education with the high school entrance examination baton, so as to significantly improve students’ aesthetic and humanistic quality.

Up to now, nearly 10 provinces have gradually launched the pilot of aesthetic education into the scoring of middle school entrance examination. According to the plan previously announced by the Ministry of education, the high school entrance examination of aesthetic education is expected to be implemented nationwide in 2022.

The mention of “examination” and “further education” is bound to touch the most tense nerve of parents and students. Many parents complained, “the child has stayed up late to lose his hair for the high school entrance examination, and he has to add music, body and beauty?” Some people make complaints about it. “We also hope that our children will learn music and art to improve their personal accomplishment, but they will not become exam oriented education once they are tested.”

Zhou Haihong believes that this is a misunderstanding of quality education: when it comes to quality education, there can be no examination. As long as there is examination, it is exam oriented education.

“Examination is the feedback link of educational effectiveness. Any education needs examination, as well as quality education.” He said frankly that the core problem of exam oriented education criticized by people is not the exam itself, but only learning the content of the exam, and the exam is only for high scores. For example, piano children only practice the few tracks of the grade examination a year and don’t learn anything else. This is the exam oriented education of aesthetic education.

When aesthetic education is linked to each child’s entrance to school, it is easy to deviate from the original intention of “improving aesthetic literacy” if you are not careful. For example, the question of “plum blossom three lane” is a question that Zhou Haihong heard when communicating with front-line teachers. Similarly, Wu Bin, a music educator, learned from a survey in a province that the province would add music questions to the college entrance examination, so the opening rate of high school music classes reached 100%. I thought I could hear wonderful music at school. As a result, he saw in the classroom that every student was holding a thick review material for the music college entrance examination.