How to do a good job of after class service? On July 13, at the news conference held by the Ministry of education, the person in charge of the Department of basic education of the Ministry of education gave a 16 word summary answer: “comprehensive coverage, guarantee of time, improvement of quality and strengthening of guarantee.” At the same time, he asked all local schools to proceed from reality and “one school, one case” to formulate specific implementation plans to improve after-school services, so as to ensure full coverage of compulsory education schools after the start of this autumn, and strive to achieve full coverage of students in need.
To achieve full coverage of after-school services, we should change the previous one-sided practice of “reducing the burden inside school and increasing the burden outside school”. By letting compulsory education schools perform more educational responsibilities, we can reduce the burden on parents and students as a whole. To provide full coverage and high-quality after-school service for students, we need to build a long-term mechanism of after-school service, and solve the problems of funding, teachers and service content.
At present, there are two main ways to guarantee after-school service funds. One is the way of financial payment, that is, all the funds for after-school services are borne by the finance, and students who choose after-school services are not charged. This way is conducive to promoting the full coverage of after-school service, ensuring the overtime pay of teachers participating in after-school service, and using financial funds to purchase third-party services according to the specific situation, so as to enrich the content of after-school service. The second is the cost sharing mode, that is, to charge a certain fee to the students who choose after-school service, and the finance will give appropriate subsidies to ensure the public welfare attribute of after-school service. This way can reduce the financial pressure, but it may affect the promotion of full coverage, and the problem of compulsory charge to students in the name of after-school service.
The first mock exam is to promote after-school service, and it is necessary to adjust to local conditions and not adopt a single mode. If the local financial strength is relatively weak, the finance can not pay the bill, and one-sided emphasis on financial security funds, it will only be a low level of security. Due to the lack of security, teachers’ lack of enthusiasm, and unable to buy third-party services, the after-school services are only maintained at a low level, which is difficult to meet the needs of parents. In order to share the cost, we must give full play to the role of parent committee and give students full choice.
More than 10 years ago, some places had after-school care services. However, there are two problems in the after-school trusteeship service, one is illegal charging, the other is using the after-school trusteeship service to make up lessons for students. At that time, the way to deal with these problems was to stop “one size fits all” governance, requiring students to leave school after 3:30. However, new problems emerged after the call for a halt. Some parents are unable to pick up their children at work, which makes it difficult for them to pick up their children. Some children go to off campus trusteeship institutions and training classes immediately after they leave school, which aggravates the burden on both parents and students.
It is a pragmatic move to launch after-school service and further emphasize full coverage of after-school service. However, the existing problems in after-school hosting service may still occur. To avoid these problems, we need to give full play to the role of parent committee. Specifically, if after-school services are to be charged to students, parents’ committees should be involved in the cost of after-school services, and the proportion of parents and the standard of fees should be determined. The school can not has the final say. The problem of arbitrary charging is due to the lack of the right of expression and decision-making power of parents. In terms of the content of after-school service, we should also listen to the opinions of parents and students. According to the specific conditions of the school and the local social resources, we should launch a variety of interest development activities. Students can choose by themselves. It can not only meet the basic needs of parents to take care of their children, but also build the after-school service as a platform to expand the quality of students.
In 2012, the Ministry of Education issued the guiding opinions on the establishment of parent committee of primary and secondary school kindergartens, which requires local education departments and primary and secondary school kindergartens to fully understand the significance of establishing parent committee from the perspective of running education to the satisfaction of the people, and regard parent committee as an important part of the construction of school running according to law, self-management, democratic supervision, self-management and self-management Social participation is an important part of modern school system, as an effective way for parents to play a positive role in the development of education reform. Therefore, the establishment of parent committee and its role is to promote the implementation of modern governance in schools. To do a good job of after-school service is also the process of improving the school’s modern governance ability.