The degree of myopia deepens or causes blindness

The degree of myopia deepens or causes blindness

Affected by multiple factors, the visual health of adolescents is getting worse. According to a 2020 survey of some students in nine provinces conducted by the Ministry of Education, the rate of myopia among students has increased by 11.7 percent in the past six months compared with the end of 2019. The rate of myopia increased by 15.2 percent in elementary school students, 8.2 percent in middle school students and 3.8 percent in high school students.

The eyes of children are too tired, how to undertake myopic prevention and control from each respect? Recently, a number of measures introduced.

The National Health Commission established a new body

Addressing adolescent vision problems

On March 9, the National Health Commission (NHC) released a notice on its website, setting up a National Expert Advisory Committee for the Management of Children and Adolescent Vision Health in order to improve the decision-making level of vision health management, including the prevention and control of myopia in children and adolescents, and promote the scientific development of the cause of vision health in children and adolescents.

The details of the notice are as follows:

Health Commission of all provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the Central Government and Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, all relevant units:

In order to improve the decision-making level of the management and management of the visual health of children and adolescents, such as the prevention and control of myopia, and promote the scientific development of the cause of the visual health of children and adolescents, the CPC Committee has decided to establish the National Expert Advisory Committee on the Management of the Visual Health of Children and Adolescents (hereinafter referred to as the Expert Advisory Committee). The main responsibilities are to provide consultation and professional guidance for the management of visual health of children and adolescents, explore, discover and recommend appropriate techniques and typical experiences for visual health, and carry out popularization of myopia prevention and control. The first expert advisory committee is composed of experts from the fields of prevention and treatment of myopia, public health, infant and young child health, traditional Chinese medicine, publicity and education. It has one chairman and five vice-chairmen, with 36 members serving a term of three years. The list of the Expert Advisory Committee and the articles of association of the Expert Advisory Committee are printed and printed to you. Please organize the implementation according to the actual situation.

General Office of the National Health Commission

March 8, 2021

The font size of the textbook shall not be less than 5 size

The state has issued standards to prevent myopia in students

From now on, textbooks, teaching materials, test papers, preschool reading materials, classroom lamps and multimedia teaching supplies for children and teenagers must meet the requirements of preventing and controlling myopia, whether in primary and secondary schools, kindergartens or training institutions, according to the Beijing Daily app.

Among them, the minimum word in the textbook of students should not be less than “small No.5 character”; While teaching multimedia should not appear perceptible flicker, and comply with blue light protection requirements. As a mandatory national standard, the Health Requirements for Prevention and Control of Myopia in School Products for Children and Adolescent will be formally implemented on March 1, 2022.

According to the new standard, textbooks used by students of different grades have different requirements for font size and font. Such as:

The characters used in textbooks for the first and second grades of primary schools should be no less than “No. 3 character”, and the characters should be mainly in regular characters.

Primary school third and fourth grade characters should not be less than “No. 4 character”, Chinese characters to the regular and Song style, from the regular gradually transition to the Song style.

For grades 5 to 9 and high school, the characters should be no smaller than “Small No.4”, and the Song characters should be the main characters. Preschool children’s learning books, the font size should not be less than “3”, the font is based on regular characters.

In addition, the new standards also require that the books should be clear and complete, with no visible smudges. Learning to use newspapers to uniform ink, consistent depth; The imprinting is clear and should not affect the identification of paste words; There should be no obvious watermark.

As for multimedia, which is often used in teaching today, the new standard says multimedia should not flicker perceptibly, meet blue light protection requirements, and should not be too bright when used.

How severe is adolescent myopia problem?

Tao Yong: the degree of increasing or blinding

Tao Yong, a Beijing-based ophthalmologist, said in an interview Monday that 40 percent of primary school students are nearsighted, 70 percent of middle school students are nearsighted and 80 percent of senior high school students are nearsighted.

He warns that when teenagers become myopic, their eyeballs lengthen with increasing degree, a process that can lead to the retina thinning, shrinking, detaching and even blindness.

In the interview, he also explained the “20-20-20” rule: look at an object 20 feet (6 meters) away for at least 20 seconds every 20 minutes.

Teach your children how to use it

Protect your eyesight in time