The end of the year is approaching. How are you all doing after a busy year?
Due to the distribution of COVID-19 cases in many places in China, many places have issued initiatives to advocate that people should spend the Spring Festival locally, do not return home unless necessary, and encourage people to return home on the wrong peak. Are you on the move or at home?
How will college graduates choose to struggle or contribute to the development of their hometown? What is the difference between the quality of employment in another country and in your hometown?
“Vote with your feet,” college graduate mobility has improved
After graduation, some people left for their dreams, while others stayed in their familiar hometown.
A study on the employment location of undergraduates from 2015 to 2019 six months after graduation found that the mobility of graduates has improved, with the proportion of graduates from 2019 working in their hometown (i.e., “province of origin”) was 64%, down 2 percentage points from 66% for the class of 2015.
According to the analysis of graduates working in different types of cities, the proportion of graduates working in “sub-provincial cities” in their hometowns dropped from 64% in 2015 to 58% in 2019, a decrease of 6 percentage points. The percentage of graduates who worked in “prefecture-level cities or below” in their hometowns fell from 82 percent in the class of 2015 to 78 percent in the class of 2019, a drop of 4 percentage points.
In recent years, the competition for applicants across the country has been escalating, and the threshold for hukou in some cities has been lowered again and again, even “zero”. The flow of talents is clearly “voting with your feet”. Which cities offer better job opportunities and space, more livable living environment and more stable and open policies, and are more likely to win in the competition for talents?
In a foreign country VS at home: high income VS “iron rice bowl”
By comparing the employment situation of those working in their hometown and those working in other places, it is found that the monthly income of those working in other places is higher, and the proportion of those working in their hometown holding “iron rice bowl” is higher.
Specifically, the monthly income of graduates in 2019 who work abroad is 6,146 yuan, which is 1,103 yuan higher than those who work in their hometown (5,043 yuan). One-quarter of the graduates from their hometowns who graduated with a bachelor’s degree in 2019 work in “government agencies/scientific research or other institutions”, which is 15 percentage points higher than those from other hometowns (10%). It can be seen that the “iron rice bowl” of hometown is more attractive to some graduates.
On the one hand, these differences may be related to employment opportunities and local economic development in other places; on the other hand, they may also be related to the relatively low salary expectations and requirements of the workers in their hometown for the consideration of supporting their parents, living environment and interpersonal relationship.
Girls are more likely to “stay” when they work abroad
In order to live, in order to dream, many people choose to go far away. However, can the foreign country retain these foreign visitors?
MyCOS analyzed the employment changes of 2016 undergraduates half a year after graduation and three years later, and found that 74% of the 2016 undergraduates who were employed in other provinces half a year after graduation were still living in their homelands three years after graduation, and 26% of them went back to their homelands.
Further comparative analysis of the employment changes of graduates of different genders shows that female graduates are more likely to “stay” when compared with male graduates who work abroad. Of the male undergraduates of 2016 who worked in other provinces six months after graduation, 30% returned to their hometown three years after graduation. The proportion of female graduates is only 18 percent, which means that more than 80 percent (82 percent) are still at home.
Hometown employment or employment, different opinions
According to the class of 2016 undergraduate students graduated from half a year, three different time node to change jobs, will they are subdivided into “at home” (that is, half a year after graduation and after three years in his home town), “has been in exile” (that is, half a year after graduation and after three years in exile), “back home” (that is, half a year in the country and three years back home), “go home” (that is, half a year in his hometown after graduation and three years later to exile) four groups, from the perspective of the change of employment to their career development.
The career development of the “always in hometown” group can be summarized as “low income but strong stability”. The average monthly income of this group three years after graduation is 7,040 yuan, the lowest among the four groups, but the job stability is the best, the average number of employers is the lowest (1.9). The characteristics of this group’s career development may be related to the types of work units and the economic development of their hometown.
The average monthly income of those who moved from their homelands to other homelands within three years (8,801 yuan) was 135% higher than that six months after graduation. However, the lowest degree of relevancy (57 percent) was found in the jobs of the “out-of-town” group, which may mean that some people have to give up their previous major foundation and face more challenges and greater pressure in their new jobs.
Three years after graduation, the average monthly income (9,530 yuan) and job-major correlation (67%) of the “always staying abroad” group were the highest among the four groups. It may be the more employment opportunities and higher-paying positions in other places that make them willing to stay away from their hometown.
In contrast, the average monthly income of the “back to hometown” group after drifting away from their hometown three years after graduation (8,163 yuan) has opened a gap with that of the “always in hometown” group. The increase of monthly income is lower than that of other groups (70%), but still higher than that of the “always in hometown” group.
Although different employment choices lead to different career trajectories of college graduates, in general, there is no significant difference in employment satisfaction among the four groups. Income is only one of the factors in the measurement of employees’ sense of well-being in employment. Subjective cognition and emotional experience of multiple factors such as work content, work environment and promotion space are equally important.
Should say actually, hometown gets employment or get employment of another place, this problem does not have standard answer. Deal with the ideal and the reality of the balance, suitable is the best.
article links：More than 60% of graduates with a bachelor's degree
Reprint indicated source：Spark Global Limited information